Dear Doctors: So many articles seem to be about weight loss, but I’m actually underweight. I eat enough, live a healthy lifestyle, and exercise. But I’m 5 foot 1 inches tall and weigh 100 pounds. The charts say I need to gain about 12 pounds to be normal. How can I gain weight?
The first thing we would suggest is that despite the various charts, you may already be at the appropriate weight for your metabolism. No two people are exactly alike and the fact that your body weight doesn’t conform to a calculated average doesn’t automatically mean you are underweight.
A useful tool for gauging healthful weight is the body mass index, or BMI, and it’s going to hold a happy surprise for you.
BMI is a simple calculation that indicates the likely proportion of lean muscle to body fat based on a person’s weight and height. It doesn’t directly measure the percentage of body fat – that requires a skin caliper test, hydrostatic weighing, or a bioelectrical impedance test, to name a few. But research suggests that BMI correlates as strongly to various metabolic and disease outcomes as does the measure of body fat.
A BMI that ranges from 18.5 to 24.9 is considered to indicate a normal or healthy weight. At 5 feet 1 inch and 100 pounds, your BMI is – and here’s the good news – 18.9. That puts you into the healthy range. However if you would feel more comfortable with a few more pounds on your frame, we have some suggestions.
Because a high proportion of body fat puts you at greater risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and certain cancers, you want to be careful that the weight you gain is a healthful proportion of muscle and fat. That means splurging on high-calorie/low-value foods like processed snacks, sugary sodas, candy, pastries, fried foods – you know the drill – is not the way to go. Instead, approach your weight gain with the same focus, research and precision of a successful weight loss plan.
Ease into your new eating regimen gradually. You want it to be sustainable and enjoyable. And we recommend that you make your family doctor a partner in your new endeavor. Good luck!
Ask the Doctors is a syndicated column first published by UExpress syndicate.