Robotic Surgery to remove Prostate Cancer
Barry Broughton is a successful marketing executive who has traveled the world and faced a lifetime of challenges. But few challenges would be as difficult as the diagnosis he received last year of prostate cancer. Barry's cancer was diagnosed following a test called a PSA, or prostate-specific antigen test, which measures a protein produced by the prostate that is elevated in most men with prostate cancer. A rising PSA indicates the likelihood of a growing cancer, and the faster it rises, the more aggressive the cancer is likely to be.
He was horrified when he heard the news. "Both of my parents died of cancer, and my sister has had her breasts removed … so cancer is prevalent in my family, and it was a very traumatic thing to be told," he recalls.
Prostate cancer is one of the most-common cancers affecting men. Each year, 220,000 new cases are diagnosed and 29,000 men die from the disease. But that number is down from 40,000 deaths 10 years ago, potentially because of the kind of screening that Barry received.
Barry and his physician, UCLA urologist Dr. Robert Reiter, who is the director of the Prostate Cancer Treatment Program at UCLA, talked about his options for treatment, including radiation and different types of surgery. After much discussion, both Barry and Dr. Reiter felt that surgery, using the latest in robotic technology, to remove his cancerous prostate would be Barry's best choice.
The technique is minimally invasive, meaning it is performed through small holes in the abdomen through which a camera and instruments are inserted. The instruments have wrist-like joints and can move in all directions, giving the surgeon maximum flexibility and accuracy of movement. In addition, the camera provides three-dimensional images, offering the surgeon an improved visual field as he works the instruments.
And because a long incision is not necessary, there is much less blood loss and patients generally experience less pain and faster recovery, often returning home the next day and back to most activities within a few weeks. The efficacy of the surgery is further enhanced at UCLA by the integration of magnetic resonance imaging, which reduces the risks of leaving cancer behind and improves the chances of sexual recovery.
After his surgery, Barry was up and walking the next day. He quickly regained urinary and sexual function, and, most important to him and his family, Barry is now cancer free.
"They've got the old guy still around for a while, and we're looking for grandchildren one of these days, so we want to be around to be able to enjoy them," Barry says. "That's the deal."